Model Tenancy Act: A win win for both landlords and tenants in Dehradun
The Model Tenancy Act can be implemented by making a new law or by making necessary amendments to the existing tenant law. Dehardun residents can have a sign of relief now
• The cabinet has approved the draft of the Model Tenancy Act.
• Landlord will have to give written notice in advance to come for the home inspection, repair work, or any other purpose.
• If the tenant does not pay the rent to the landlord for two months, then the house/place can be asked to be vacated.
The Modi cabinet has approved the draft of the Model Tenancy Act. The draft of the Model Rent Act or the Model Tenancy Act will now be sent to the states and union territories. It can be implemented by making a new law or by making necessary amendments in the existing tenant law. This draft has been approved in the meeting of the Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
Purpose of Model Rent Act
The differences between the landlord and the tenants can be reduced once the Model Tenancy Act of the Central Government is implemented. The government has said that the Model Tenancy Act will help to rent out many vacant houses. The Model Tenancy Act states that if the tenant does not pay rent to the landlord for two months, then the house/place can be vacated by the landlord.”There are so many issues that need to sort out between a landlord and a tenant on daily basis like repairing work etc., we hope the act will help in sorting out these issues and both the landlord and tenant will be on the same page once it is implemented,” said Ankur Shah, a resident of Subhash Nagar in Dehradun.
Convenience to the tenant
Under the Model Tenancy Act, the landlord has to give a written notice 24 hours in advance to come for the house inspection, repair work or any other purpose. The tenant cannot be evicted before the time limit mentioned in the rent agreement unless he has not paid rent for two consecutive months or he is misusing the property.”Our landlady comes anytime to inspect the house without even informing us. This impacts our privacy to large extent, We can now ask them to give us notice before coming. This will help maintain our privacy said Neetali Jaiswal, a tenant of Karanpur, Dehradun who lives with her friends.
1. How much amount in Security Deposit?
The security deposit is often disputed in case of taking a house on rent. The new Model Tenancy Act clearly states that the security for residential buildings can be maximum advance rent of 2 months, while for non-residential places, it is advance rent for a maximum of 6 months.
2. What is the provision for vacating the place?
Regarding vacating the house or shop, the Model Tenancy Act states that if the landlord has fulfilled all the conditions of the rent agreement, yet the tenant does not vacate the place, then the landlord can double the rent for two months. Even after that if the place is not vacated, the rent can be charged at 4 times the original rent for the next two months. The landlord's condition includes giving notice before asking to vacate the place. The landlord can give the notice to vacate the rented house or shop. For this, they need to inform the tenant one day before, either in writing or through message/mail etc.
3. What is the benefit of rent law?
The central government believes that the Model Tenancy Act will reduce the dispute between the landlord and the tenants. At present, due to the fear of dispute, many landlords are hesitant to give houses on rent even if the house is vacant.
4. What is the benefit to the tenant?
No one can take possession of anyone's property. Even the landlord cannot harass the tenant and ask him to vacate the house. Necessary provisions have been made for this. If the house is to be vacated, the landlord must first give notice. The tenant also has to keep in mind that he is responsible for taking care of the rented property on which he resides.
5. Where will the dispute be settled?
A Rent Authority will be formed once the act is implemented. The dispute between the landlord and the tenant will be settled in the Rent Authority. After the formation of the Rent Authority, the landlord and the tenant will appear before the authority and enter into a rent agreement. Both the parties have to inform the rent authority about the agreement, within two months from the date of the agreement. The Rent Authority will clarify the relationship between the landlord and the tenant.