Country's first cryptogenic garden started in Chakrata, set up at an altitude of nine thousand feet
This is the country's first cryptogenic garden, which has been set up considering the ecological importance of these species
The country's first cryptogenic garden (non-seed plant) started on Sunday in Devban located in the Chakrata area of Uttarakhand. Situated at an altitude of nine thousand feet and spread over three acres, this garden has about 76 species of cryptogram. Cryptograms are primitive plants that do not spread through seeds. This includes algae, mosses, ferns, fungi, and lichens.
Chief Conservator of Forests, Anusandhan Sanjeev Chaturvedi informed that this is the first cryptogemic park in the country, which has been prepared keeping in view the ecological importance of these species. Through this garden, it will be easy to make people aware of the plants of this group. Cryptograms are plants that have been present on Earth since the Jurassic era. These plants are also good bioindicators, as species such as lichens do not occur in areas affected by pollution
These species also have tremendous economic value. They are used as condiments in famous dishes like Hyderabadi Biryani and Galouti Kebab. Whereas lichens and algae species are a better source of various nutrients. The local people also use several lichen species as medicines.
Many fern species are used for filtering heavy metals. IFS Chaturvedi said that Devban was chosen for this project because it has good natural habitat for these group of plants. The area is free from pollution and also provides suitable moisture conditions for these plants.
What is cryptogemic
Cryptogemic means hidden reproduction. Simply put, species of plants without seeds. They have no seeds, no flowers etc. Like algae, lichens, ferns, fungi are well-known groups of cryptogams. Cryptogams require moist conditions to survive.
The purpose of creating this park is to make people aware of cryptogenic garden plants. Apart from general tourists, this park is a storehouse of knowledge especially for school, college students and research scholars. In this, 76 species of cryptogenic garden plants have been preserved said Sanjeev Chaturvedi, Chief Conservator of Forests, Research.