All you need to know about Diabeties

Diabetes has become a major issue in India with over 80 million people suffering from this disease.

All you need to know about Diabeties

All you need to know about Diabeties 

Diabetes has become a major issue in India with over 80 million people suffering from this disease. Most people are not aware of the disease. Diabetes is a disease that occurs when your body doesn’t make or use the hormone insulin properly. It causes too much blood glucose(sugar) to build up in the blood. There are 2 main types of diabetes.

 

Type 1 

Diabetes occurs when your body doesn’t produce any insulin. Your immune system attacks and destroys the cells in your pancreas that make insulin. It is usually diagnosed in children and young adults, although it can appear at any age. These people need to take insulin every day to stay alive.

Symptoms of type 1 diabetes can include:

  • extreme hunger
  • increased thirst
  • unintentional weight loss
  • Frequent urination
  • blurry vision
  • tiredness

Type 2

Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body does not produce enough insulin, or the body’s cells do not react to insulin. The majority of people with diabetes have type 2 diabetes. This type of diabetes is largely the result of excess body weight and physical inactivity.

Symptoms of type 2 diabetes can include:

  • increased hunger
  • increased thirst
  • increased urination
  • blurry vision
  • tiredness
  • sores that are slow to heal

Gestational diabetes 

It develops in women when they are pregnant. Most of the time this type of diabetes goes away after the baby is born. But it can affect your baby’s health, and it raises your risk of getting type 2 diabetes later in life. You can take steps so you and your baby stay healthy.

 

Symptoms:

Gestational diabetes usually doesn’t have symptoms or may check them up to pregnancy. Most find out that they have it during a routine screening.

1-You’re thirstier than usual

2-You will feel hungry more and eat more than usual

3-You will pee more than the usual 

What health problems can people with diabetes develop?

High blood glucose leads to problems such as

1- Heart disease

2- Stroke

3- Kidney disease

4- Eye problems

5- Dental disease 

6- Nerve damage 

7- Foot problems

Prevention

Simple lifestyle measures have been to be effective in preventing or delaying the onset of type 2 diabetes. To help prevent type 2 diabetes and its complications, people should:

  • achieve and maintain healthy body weight;
  • be physically active – doing at least 30 minutes of regular exercise, average intensity activity on most days. More activity is required for weight control;
  • eat a healthy diet, avoiding sugar and saturated fats
  • avoid tobacco use – smoking increases the risk of diabetes.

Diagnosis and treatment

Early diagnosis can be accomplished through relatively inexpensive testing of blood sugar.

Treatment of diabetes involves diet and physical activity along with lowering blood glucose. Tobacco use cessation is also important to avoid complications.

Interventions that are both cost-saving and feasible in low- and middle-income countries include:

  • blood glucose control, particularly in type 1 diabetes. People with type 1 diabetes require insulin, people with type 2 diabetes can be treated with oral medication, but may also require insulin
  • blood pressure control
  • foot care (patient self-care by maintaining foot hygiene; wearing appropriate footwear).

Other cost-saving interventions include:

  • screening and treatment for retinopathy (which can cause blindness)
  • blood lipid control (to regulate cholesterol levels)
  • screening for early signs of diabetes-related kidney disease and treatment.

When should I eat if I have diabetes?

Some people with diabetes need to eat at about the same time each day. Others can be more flexible with the timing of their meals. Depending on your diabetes medicines or type of insulin, you may need to eat the same amount of carbohydrates at the same time each day. If you take “mealtime ” insulin, your eating schedule can be more flexible.

If you use certain diabetes medicines or insulin and you skip or delay a meal, your blood glucose level can drop too low. You must ask your doctor that when you should eat or you should eat before and after physical activity.